The Republican Party, also called the GOP ("Grand Old Party"), is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Democratic Party. The party represents American conservatism and sits on the center-right of the American political spectrum. Republicans traditionally represent social, fiscal, and economic conservatism, such as smaller government, lower taxes, and less regulation.
As of 2012, the Republican Party makes up the majority of the United States House of Representatives, a minority in the United States Senate, and holds a majority of state governorships and legislatures. Republican Presidents of the United States have also included Abraham Lincoln, Ronald Reagan, and, mostly recently, George W. Bush.
SOPA and PIPA
Republican members of the House of Representatives make up fifteen of the thirty-one co-sponsors of the Stop Online Piracy Act, and sixteen of the forty co-sponsors of the Protect IP Act in the Senate. Representative Lamar Smith, a Republican of Texas and Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, introduced SOPA into the House of Representatives.